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SAT语法中定语从句的各种考法

定语从句作为英语语法中比较重要且有些复杂的语法知识,在SAT语法中也会频繁地考查到,现在我们来总结整理一下SAT语法中涉及到定语从句的考点。但是,首先,我们需要了解定语从句的基本知识。

1. 定语从句的基本知识

概念

1.定语(修饰名词的部分)是个句子
She is beautiful(定语)
She is a girl who is beautiful(定语从句)
2.这个句子可能不太正常
who is beautiful 中,主语是who

位置

紧跟在修饰的词后面
She wants to talk to the man who is sitting there.
who is sitting there这个定语从句修饰man, 所以要放在man的后面,而不是she的后面

关系词

分类
WX20171229-184338@2x

关系代词
2-1

  • I don't like people who never kept their word.
  • The watch that/which he wears is very beautiful.
  • I know a friend whose brother is a singer.
  • The girl whom you talked to is my girlfriend.

(that&which有区别,但记住当指物时,有逗号用which,介词+which,其余都可以用that)

关系副词
3-8

  • This is the town where(=in which) I spent my childhood.
  • I'll never forget the day when(=on which) I met you.
  • This is the reason why(=for which) I didn't come here.

关系代词和副词的区别
1.This is the place that/which I like.
2.This is the place where I lived.
3.This is the place in which(不等于where)I am interested.

解释:

  • 在1中,which后面的I like不是完整句子,少宾语,其中which就是宾语。
  • 在2中,where后面的I lived是完整句子,或者它后面可以加一个地方,但是它不缺宾语。
  • 在3中,in和后面的be interested组成固定搭配,be interested in, 所以这时in which不等于where。

2.SAT语法中的考查

考查关系代词&副词

例1.The article goes on to suggest that the most valuable reurces provided by coworking spaces are actually the people whom use them.

A) NO CHANGE
B) whom uses
C) who uses
D) who use
正确答案:D
解析:
1.who和whom的区别
2.people是复数,这里who指people,所以用use。

例2.Planned obsolescence, a practice at which products are designed to have a limited period of usefulness, has been a cornerstone of manufacturing strategy for the past 80 years.

A) NO CHANGE
B) from which
C) so that
D) whereby
正确答案:D
解析:
1.whereby=by which
2.翻译:通过这个practice,产品被设计为有一个有效的使用期。

标点符号+句子连接

例3.According to Box, a leading Greenland expert,tundra fires in 2012 from as far away as North America produced great amounts of soot, some of itdrifted over Greenland in giant plumes of smoke and then fell as particles onto the ice sheet.

A) NO CHANGE
B) soot
C) of which
D) DELETE the underlined portion.
正确答案:C
解析:A,B,D都是逗号连接了2个句子,错误。

例4.Businesses can install light tubes, these are pipes placed in workplace roofs to capture and funnel sunlight down into a building’s interior.

A) NO CHANGE
B) they are
C) which are
D) those being
正确答案:C
解析:A,B逗号连接2个句子,错误;D没有这种表达

例5.This can be a problem with consumers, that will reject apples lacking the expected aroma.
A) NO CHANGE
B) they
C) which
D) who
正确答案:D
解析:A,B逗号连接2个句子,错误,另外,从句中that前面不能加逗号;C关系代词用错,指的是consumers,是人,用who

主谓一致

例6.Like any other health problems, these ailments can increase employee absenteeism, which, in turn, is costly for employers.

A) NO CHANGE
B) are
C) is being
D) have been
正确答案:A
解析:which指的是employee absenteeism,单数,用is

SAT语法中定语从句的各种考法
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