话题: straw poll
Listen to a conversation between a student and a political science professor.
Student: I’m not sure if you know but I would like to go to the student government this year.
Teacher: Oh, congratulations! I was in student government myself as an undergraduate. It taught me a lot about the political process. In fact, the experience solved my problem of what to do with my life. It really cemented my interest in becoming a political scientist.
第2题，In fact, the experience solved my problem of what to do with my life. It really cemented my interest in becoming a political scientist.
Student: Cool! Anyway, the reason I came by is we are getting ready to conduct a straw poll on campus, you know, hold an informal ballot since the general election is just a couple of months away. We want to get a field from the students' bodies political leanings, like who students are planning to vote for, which political party people identify with, that sort of thing.
straw poll n.（选举前的）非正式民意测验
信号词the reason I came by is
第3题，We want to get a field from the students' bodies political leanings, like who students are planning to vote for, which political party people identify with, that sort of thing.同义转换，相当于D选项political preferences.
Teacher: I’m sure. I help students run the straw poll once years ago, uh, it was a lot of work. Mostly because we use paper ballots, and stayed up all night counting them. But if you use computers……
all night counting them,连读十分明显，night的t省略没读
3.没有说完的部分But if you use computers……
第4题，I help students run the straw poll once years ago, uh, it was a lot of work. Mostly because we use paper ballots, and stayed up all night counting them. But if you use computers……
Student: Yeah, we are creating a website for where students to be able to vote online. Em, we are looking for a faculty advisor to help, actually. I was hoping you might be interested.
Teacher: Oh, I’m flattered, John. But my schedule is so jammed. I’m teaching two seminars, your intro-course, finishing up my research. But, what about Professor Clan?She is new in our department. Plus, she is a wiz with computers.
jammed adj.满，参考traffic jam
be wiz with 对……很擅长
1.信号词em, we are looking for
第1题，we are looking for a faculty advisor to help, actually. I was hoping you might be interested.
Student: Ok, I will ask her.
Teacher: So, have you decided on the topic for your term paper yet?
Student: Not really.
Teacher: Why not write about your straw poll? Since the paper is not due till after the election, you could include your results. Maybe compare them with the real election results.
Student: But would that be enough? I mean, just comparing numbers?
Teacher: Well, no, you need to provide some analysis, too. But I was thinking, there is a couple of local ballot questions this year. You know, referenda, the voters can either support or not support?
Student: Right. There is one on whether to ban smoking in restaurants, and another one……I think is whether to spend tax dollars for a new sports arena in the city.
ban smoking, bansmoking,连读
1.信号词well, but, youn know
第5题，You know, referenda
Teacher: Ah, Ok. Here is an idea. In regular elections, the vast majority of voters ignore referenda. They vote for their favorite candidates but avoid ballot questions. We believe it's because voters aren’t familiar with the questions or don’t understand them. But actively educating people on ballot questions right before they vote can improve referendum participation rates.
1.给建议信号词：here is an idea
Student: In that case, maybe we could have our straw poll website providing information on the ballot questions, like how each proposal would affect students.
Teacher: Exactly. And when you write your paper, you could compare the students’ referendum voting rate to the general publics. And include you own analysis of the results. Plus, there is plenty of publish research on referendum voting behavior.
Student: Thanks, Professor Miller. I have no idea the straw poll can actually help me in my course work.
own analysis, 连读
1.Why does the man go to see the professor?
A. To suggest an idea for his research project.
B. To tell her about his election to student government.
C. To ask for her help on a political project.
D. To discuss methods of gathering public opinion.
2.What is the professor's attitude toward her involvement in student government as an undergraduate?
A. She is grateful that the experience helped inspire her career choice..
B. She regrets that her involvement took time away from her studies..
C. She wishes that she had been more active than she was..
D. She is glad that her involvement enabled her to help other students..
3.What is the student government's main reason for conducting a straw poll?
A. To educate students on the candidates' positions.
B. To remind students to vote in the upcoming election.
C. To find out how students feel about the local referenda.
D. To get an idea of students' political preferences.
4.Why does the professor mention paper ballots?
A. To show how a straw poll differs from an actual election.
B. To stress the importance of keeping accurate records.
C. To indicate that conducting a poll may present challenges.
D. To suggest a way to improve communication between the student body and the student government.
5.Why does the professor discuss voting behavior on referenda?
A. To encourage the man to vote on the local referenda.
B. To help the man develop a focus for his term paper.
C. To express her skepticism that voting behavior can be changed.
D. To let the man know about her current research project.