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托福听力史上最详解析-TPO50-conversation1

类型:office hour
话题: straw poll
文章难度:❤️❤️❤️❤️
题目难度:❤️❤️❤️

Listen to a conversation between a student and a political science professor.

Student: I’m not sure if you know but I would like to go to the student government this year.
Teacher: Oh, congratulations! I was in student government myself as an undergraduate. It taught me a lot about the political process. In fact, the experience solved my problem of what to do with my life. It really cemented my interest in becoming a political scientist.

词汇
cement v.加强
语音现象
taught,读的时候省掉了t
考点
1.老师谈论自己的过往经历时
2.in fact后面,really表强调
出题点
第2题,In fact, the experience solved my problem of what to do with my life. It really cemented my interest in becoming a political scientist.

Student: Cool! Anyway, the reason I came by is we are getting ready to conduct a straw poll on campus, you know, hold an informal ballot since the general election is just a couple of months away. We want to get a field from the students' bodies political leanings, like who students are planning to vote for, which political party people identify with, that sort of thing.

词汇
straw poll n.(选举前的)非正式民意测验
ballot n.选票
leaning n.倾向
语音现象
field,省略了d
考点
信号词the reason I came by is
出题点
第3题,We want to get a field from the students' bodies political leanings, like who students are planning to vote for, which political party people identify with, that sort of thing.同义转换,相当于D选项political preferences.

Teacher: I’m sure. I help students run the straw poll once years ago, uh, it was a lot of work. Mostly because we use paper ballots, and stayed up all night counting them. But if you use computers……

语音现象
all night counting them,连读十分明显,night的t省略没读
考点
1.uh后面
2.but 转折
3.没有说完的部分But if you use computers……
出题点
第4题,I help students run the straw poll once years ago, uh, it was a lot of work. Mostly because we use paper ballots, and stayed up all night counting them. But if you use computers……

Student: Yeah, we are creating a website for where students to be able to vote online. Em, we are looking for a faculty advisor to help, actually. I was hoping you might be interested.
Teacher: Oh, I’m flattered, John. But my schedule is so jammed. I’m teaching two seminars, your intro-course, finishing up my research. But, what about Professor Clan?She is new in our department. Plus, she is a wiz with computers.

词汇
flatter v.奉承,讨好
jammed adj.满,参考traffic jam
seminar n.研讨会,研讨课
intro-course n.入门课程
be wiz with 对……很擅长
语音现象
where,涉及到定语从句,一瞬间较难反应过来
考点
1.信号词em, we are looking for
2.actually后面
3.转折but
出题点
第1题,we are looking for a faculty advisor to help, actually. I was hoping you might be interested.

Student: Ok, I will ask her.
Teacher: So, have you decided on the topic for your term paper yet?
Student: Not really.
Teacher: Why not write about your straw poll? Since the paper is not due till after the election, you could include your results. Maybe compare them with the real election results.

考点
1.信号词,so
2.给建议信号词,why not

Student: But would that be enough? I mean, just comparing numbers?
Teacher: Well, no, you need to provide some analysis, too. But I was thinking, there is a couple of local ballot questions this year. You know, referenda, the voters can either support or not support?
Student: Right. There is one on whether to ban smoking in restaurants, and another one……I think is whether to spend tax dollars for a new sports arena in the city.

词汇
referenda n.公民表决
arena [ə'rinə]n.竞技场,活动场所
语音现象
some analysis,省掉analysis的第一个a的发音
ban smoking, bansmoking,连读
tax dollars,连读,taxollars
考点
1.信号词well, but, youn know
出题点
第5题,You know, referenda

Teacher: Ah, Ok. Here is an idea. In regular elections, the vast majority of voters ignore referenda. They vote for their favorite candidates but avoid ballot questions. We believe it's because voters aren’t familiar with the questions or don’t understand them. But actively educating people on ballot questions right before they vote can improve referendum participation rates.

词汇
candidate n.候选人
referendum 同referenda
语音现象
aren’t, t省略不发音
考点
1.给建议信号词:here is an idea
2.转折but

Student: In that case, maybe we could have our straw poll website providing information on the ballot questions, like how each proposal would affect students.
Teacher: Exactly. And when you write your paper, you could compare the students’ referendum voting rate to the general publics. And include you own analysis of the results. Plus, there is plenty of publish research on referendum voting behavior.
Student: Thanks, Professor Miller. I have no idea the straw poll can actually help me in my course work.

语音现象
own analysis, 连读
考点
给建议信号词:you could

题目:

1.Why does the man go to see the professor?
A. To suggest an idea for his research project.
B. To tell her about his election to student government.
C. To ask for her help on a political project.
D. To discuss methods of gathering public opinion.
答案:C, 主旨目的题

2.What is the professor's attitude toward her involvement in student government as an undergraduate?
A. She is grateful that the experience helped inspire her career choice..
B. She regrets that her involvement took time away from her studies..
C. She wishes that she had been more active than she was..
D. She is glad that her involvement enabled her to help other students..
答案:A, 态度题

3.What is the student government's main reason for conducting a straw poll?
A. To educate students on the candidates' positions.
B. To remind students to vote in the upcoming election.
C. To find out how students feel about the local referenda.
D. To get an idea of students' political preferences.
答案:D,细节题

4.Why does the professor mention paper ballots?
A. To show how a straw poll differs from an actual election.
B. To stress the importance of keeping accurate records.
C. To indicate that conducting a poll may present challenges.
D. To suggest a way to improve communication between the student body and the student government.
答案:C,组织结构题中的mention题

5.Why does the professor discuss voting behavior on referenda?
A. To encourage the man to vote on the local referenda.
B. To help the man develop a focus for his term paper.
C. To express her skepticism that voting behavior can be changed.
D. To let the man know about her current research project.
答案:B,功能题

托福听力史上最详解析-TPO50-conversation1
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