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托福写作句间逻辑关系表达

英文写作向来注重逻辑,托福写作也不例外。在教写作的过程中,我发现很多同学在表达句与句间的逻辑关系时,通常会犯一些错误,或者,没有更加多样化的表达。针对这一问题,我来给大家整理一下托福写作甚至其他的英文写写作中常见的逻辑关系表达。

正确和错误的句子连接

正确的句子连接方式:

  1. 句子,连词+句子 或 句子,连词+句子
  2. 句子;句子
  3. 句子.副词,句子(注意标点符号)

错误的句子连接方式:

  1. 句子,句子(中文我们可以一“逗”到底,但英文是万万行不通的)
  2. 连词+句子,连词+句子(例because he is handsome, so I like him,错误表达
  3. 句子,副词,句子(例he is handsome, however, I don't like him, 错误表达

常见逻辑关系

并列:

  1. 句子,连词+句子
    例:technology helps teachers to address their class easily, and self-learners can benefit from the technology too.
  2. 句子;句子
    例:technology helps teachers to address their class easily self-learners can benefit from the technology too.
  3. 句子.副词,句子
    例:technology helps teachers to address their class easily. In addition/Moreover/Furthermore,self-learners can benefit from the technology too.

因果:

  1. 句子,连词+句子 或 连词+句子,句子
    例1:Because/Since/As he lacked experience, he didn't make any profit.
    例2:he lacked experience, so/ so that he didn't make any profit.
  2. 句子.副词,句子
    例:he lacked experience.As a result / thus /hence /therefore /consequently /accordingly,he didn't make any profit.
  3. 介词+名词或名词短语,句子
    例:due to/thanks to/owing to/because of/on account of/by virtue ofa lack of experience, he didn't make any profit.
  4. doing,句子 或 句子,doing
    例1:lacking experience,he didn't make any profit.(doing的主语和后面句子的主语一致
    例2:He lacked experience,causing him not to make any profit. (causing的主语是前面整个句子
  5. 句子,which定语从句
    例:He lacked experience,which caused him not to make any profit.

转折:

  1. 句子,连词+句子 或 连词+句子,句子
    例:We can search for the Internet to find electric textbooks through Internet at home ,but/while we need to commute a long distance and buy expensive actual books if we want to learn by ourselves in a society without technology.
  2. 句子.副词,句子
    例:We can search for the Internet to find electric textbooks through Internet at home.However/Nevertheless/Nonetheless, we need to commute a long distance and buy expensive actual books if we want to learn by ourselves in a society without technology.

让步:

  1. 句子,连词+句子 或 连词+句子,句子
    例:Although/Though/Even though young people may not succeed in an adventure, they can just start it over.
  2. 介词+名词或名词短语,句子
    例:Despite/in spite ofthe fact that young people may not succeed in an adventure, they can just start it over.
托福写作句间逻辑关系表达
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